Our Rules

SIAC SGX-DC Arbitration Rules

Submission to Arbitration – Form A
Notice of Arbitration – Form B
Response – Form C

SIAC SGX-DC Arbitration Rules 1st Edition, 27 March 2006

1.1 Any dispute, claim or controversy between:
a. third parties to whom Members provide carrying and/or clearing services and Members; or
b. between Members involving, relating to or arising out of a transaction to be cleared by a Member and/or the Clearing House, another Participating Market or a Mutual Offset System in relation to reciprocal clearing arrangement arranged or agreed to as between the Clearing House and the Participating Market or under a Mutual Offset System;
may be submitted for arbitration under these Rules.
1.2 An arbitration or reference to arbitration made under these Rules shall be deemed to be an arbitration or reference under the International Arbitration Act (Cap 143A).
1.3 The submission to arbitrate under these Rules shall be in the form of a Submission to Arbitration.
2.1 These Rules shall be referred to as "the SIAC SGX-DC Arbitration Rules".
2.2 In these Rules: "Act" refers to the International Arbitration Act (Cap 143A) and any statutory re-enactments thereof. "Centre" refers to the Singapore International Arbitration Centre. "Chairman" refers to the Chairman of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre and includes the Deputy Chairman. "Clearing House" refers to the Singapore Exchange Derivatives Clearing Limited by whatever name from time to time called. "Registrar" refers to the Registrar of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre and includes an Assistant Registrar. "SIAC SGX-DC Panel" refers to the list of persons admitted to serve as arbitrators under these Rules. "Tribunal" refers to the arbitrator or arbitrators appointed in accordance with these Rules.
2.3 For the purposes of these Rules, the terms "Participating Market", "Mutual Offset System", "Member" as used herein shall have the same meaning as defined in the SGX-DC Rules.
3.1 For the purposes of these Rules, any notice, including a notification, communication or proposal, is deemed to have been received if it is physically delivered to the addressee or if it is delivered at his habitual residence, place of business or mailing address, or, if none of these can be found after making reasonable inquiry, then at the addressee's last-known residence or place of business. Notice shall be deemed to have been received on the day it is so delivered.
3.2 For the purposes of calculating a period of time under these Rules, such period shall begin to run on the day following the day when a notice, notification, communication or proposal is received. If the last day of such period is an official holiday or a non-business day at the residence or place of business of the addressee, the period is extended until the first business day which follows. Official holidays or non-business days occurring during the running of the period of time are included in calculating the period.
3.3 Without prejudice to the effectiveness of any other form of written communication, written communication may be made by fax, email or any other means of electronic transmission effected to a number, address or site of a party.
3.4 The transmission is deemed to have been received on the day of transmission.
4.1 Any party wishing to commence an arbitration under these Rules ("the Claimant") shall file with the Registrar and serve on the other party ("the Respondent"), a written Notice of Arbitration ("the Notice of Arbitration") which shall include the following:
a. a request that the dispute be referred to arbitration;
b. the names and addresses of the parties to the dispute;
c. the market, counter, time, date reference number of the contract or transaction in dispute;
d. a brief statement describing the nature and circumstances of the dispute;
e. the amount in dispute;
f. the relief or remedy sought; and
g. the name of the Claimant's nominated arbitrator.
5.1. Within 7 days of receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, the Respondent shall file with the Registrar and serve on the Claimant, a Response including:
a. a confirmation or denial of all or part of the claims;
b. a brief statement of the nature and circumstances of any envisaged counterclaims;
c. the estimated value of any such envisaged counterclaims;
d. any comment in response to any proposals contained in the Notice of Arbitration; and
e. the name of the Respondent's nominated arbitrator.
6.1 Unless the Registrar otherwise directs, the Notice of Arbitration and the Response shall constitute the Claimant's Case and Respondent's Defence respectively.
6.2 If the Registrar directs parties to file statements, the following shall apply:
a. Within 14 days after the filing of the Notice of Arbitration, the Claimant must file with the Registrar and serve on the Respondent, a Statement of Claimant's Case.
b. Within 14 days after the Service of the Statement of Claimant's Case, the Respondent must file with the Registrar and serve on the Claimant, a Statement of Respondent's Defence and Counterclaim (if any).
c. Within 14 days after the Service of the Statement of Respondent's Defence, if the Claimant intends to challenge anything in the Statement of Respondent's Defence and/or Counterclaim, the Claimant must then file with the Registrar and serve on the Respondent, a Statement of Claimant's Reply and if necessary, Defence to Counterclaim.
d. No further case statements may be filed without the leave of the Registrar or if a Tribunal has been appointed, the Tribunal.
7.1 If the Claimant fails within the time specified under these Rules or as may be fixed by the Registrar, to submit its Statement of Case, the Registrar may issue an order for the termination of the arbitral proceedings or make such other directions as may be appropriate in the circumstances.
7.2 If the Respondent fails to submit a Statement of Respondent's Defence, the Registrar may nevertheless proceed with the arbitration and make the award.
7.3 If a Tribunal has been appointed, the Tribunal may exercise the powers of the Registrar given under this Rule.
8.1 A sole arbitrator shall be appointed unless the parties have agreed otherwise or unless the case is such that in the Chairman's view, more than one (1) arbitrator is necessary.
8.2 The Chairman will appoint the arbitrator within 10 days following receipt of the all case statements. The Chairman is not bound to appoint any of the names nominated by the parties.
8.3 An arbitrator to be appointed under these Rules shall be a person on the SIAC SGX-DC Panel as at the date of the appointment.
8.4 In the event of the death, resignation or withdrawal of the arbitrator, a substitute arbitrator must be appointed by the same procedure by which the arbitrator concerned was appointed.
9.1 The Tribunal conducting an arbitration under these Rules shall be and remain at all times independent and impartial, and shall not act as advocate for any party.
9.2 A prospective arbitrator shall disclose to those who approach him in connection with his possible appointment, any circumstances likely to give rise to justifiable doubts as to his impartiality or independence.
9.3 An arbitrator, once nominated or appointed, shall disclose any such circumstance referred to in Rule 9.2 to the Registrar and/or to all parties.
10.1 An arbitrator may be challenged if there are circumstances that give rise to justifiable doubts as to his impartiality or independence.
10.2 A party may challenge an arbitrator appointed on its nomination or with its agreement only for reasons of which it becomes aware after the appointment has been made.
10.3 A party who intends to challenge an arbitrator shall file with the Registrar and serve on the other party or all other parties, whichever is applicable, a Notice of Challenge.
10.4 The Notice of Challenge must be filed and served within 7 days from the appointment of the arbitrator or within 7 days after the circumstances mentioned in Rule 10.2 became known to that party. Once 7 days have lapsed, the party loses its right to challenge.
10.5 The Notice of Challenge must state the reasons for the challenge.
10.6 The arbitration shall be suspended until the challenge is resolved or decided upon.
10.7 When an arbitrator has been challenged by one party, the other party may agree to the challenge, in which event, the arbitrator shall be deemed to have withdrawn from the arbitration. The arbitrator may also withdraw from his office after the challenge, regardless of whether the other party has agreed to such challenge. However, in both cases it is not implied that there has been an acceptance of the validity of the grounds for the challenge. The procedure provided in Rule 8 shall be used for the appointment of a substitute arbitrator.
10.8 If within 7 days of the Notice of Challenge, the other party does not agree to the challenge and the challenged arbitrator does not withdraw, the decision on the challenge is made by the Chairman. If the Chairman sustains the challenge, a substitute arbitrator shall be appointed and Rule 8 similarly applies. The Chairman’s decision is final and not subject to appeal or review.
11.1 The Registrar shall, as soon as practicable transmit to the Tribunal, a file containing the Notice of Arbitration, the Response and (if applicable) all case statements to the Tribunal together with all the documents submitted by the parties.
11.2 The Tribunal shall as soon as practicable, after consultation with the parties, issue such orders and/or directions as are necessary for the conduct of the arbitration to conclusion, including a timetable for steps to be taken in the arbitration and for the hearing of the arbitration.
12.1 Wherever possible documents and evidentiary material should be agreed and the case should proceed based on documents and/or evidentiary material or oral arguments only.
12.2 The Tribunal has the discretion to allow oral evidence to be presented. Where oral evidence is requested and directed, the hearing should not exceed 3 days.
12.3 The Tribunal shall set the date, time and place of hearing and shall communicate this to the parties, by writing, at least 7 days in advance.
12.4 If any party fails to appear at a hearing, of which notice has been given, without showing sufficient cause for such failure, the Tribunal may proceed with the arbitration and may make the award on the evidence before it.
12.5 Any party may be represented by legal practitioners or any other representatives.
12.6 The Tribunal shall have the widest discretion allowed by the Act to ensure the just, expeditious, economical and final determination of the dispute.
12.7 All meetings and hearings shall be in private unless the parties agree otherwise.
13.1 The Tribunal may direct any party to give notice of the identities of the witnesses it intends to call as well as the subject matter of their testimony and its relevance to the issues. The Tribunal has absolute discretion to allow, refuse or limit the appearance of witnesses.
13.2 Evidence may be given in the form of signed written statements, video or audio recordings, Clearing house records, trading notes and other evidentiary material.
13.3 Clearing House officials and industry experts may be permitted to give evidence on trade practices and usages.
13.4 A party shall be responsible for the practical arrangements, cost and availability of any witness he is allowed to call by the Tribunal.
14.1 At the request of the Tribunal or either party, the Registrar will render such assistance as is required for the conduct of the arbitration, including arranging for facilities, suitable accommodation for sittings of the Tribunal, secretarial assistance or interpretation.
14.2 Any additional expense incurred or to be incurred for any such arrangements shall be borne by the parties.
15.1 The juridical seat of the arbitration shall be Singapore.
15.2 An award made under these Rules shall be deemed to be an award made in Singapore.
16.1 The language of the arbitration shall be in English.
17.1 The Tribunal may inquire of the parties if they have any further proof to offer or submission to be heard and if there are none, declare the hearings closed.
17.2 The Tribunal may also, in view of exceptional circumstances, reopen the hearings at any time before the award is made.
18.1 The Tribunal’s fees and the Centre’s administration fees shall be ascertained in accordance with the Schedule of Fees in force at the time of commencement of the arbitration.
18.2 The Claimant shall at the time of filing the Notice of Arbitration make payment of:
a. the management fee for the claim; and
b. one-half of the Tribunal's fee ascertained in accordance with the Schedule of Fees.
18.3 The Respondent shall at the time of filing the Response make payment of:
a. where there is a counterclaim, the management fee; and
b. one-half of the Tribunal's fee ascertained in accordance with the Schedule of Fees.
18.4 Where the amount of the claim or the counterclaim is not quantifiable at the time payment is due a provisional estimate will be made by the Registrar. The administration and Tribunal’s fees will be adjusted in the light of such information as may subsequently become available. If the arbitration is settled or disposed of without a hearing, the amount of the administration and Tribunal’s fee shall be finally determined by the Registrar, who will have regard to all the circumstances of the case, including the stage of proceedings at which the arbitration is settled or otherwise disposed of.
18.5 The Registrar may from time to time direct parties to make one or more deposit(s) towards any further expenses incurred or to be incurred on behalf of or for the benefit of the parties.
18.6 All deposit(s) shall be made to and held by the Centre. Any interest which may accrue on such deposit(s) shall be retained by the Centre.
18.7 If a party fails to make the payments or deposits required or directed, the Tribunal may refuse to determine the claims or counterclaims, whichever is applicable, by the non-complying party, although it may proceed to determine claims or counterclaims by any party who has complied with orders.
18.8 The parties shall remain jointly and severally liable to the Centre for payment of all such fees and expenses until they have been paid in full even if the arbitration is abandoned, suspended or concluded, by agreement or otherwise, before the final award is made.
18.9 In the event that payment obligations under this Rule are not complied with by one party (the "Defaulting Party"), the non-defaulting party may apply to the Registrar or Tribunal to make payment in respect of the deposits owing by the Defaulting Party.
18.10 Should the parties fail to make the deposits requested for under this Rule either wholly or in part, the Registrar may direct the Tribunal to suspend its work until such deposits are paid.
19.1 The award shall be made promptly by the Tribunal within 14 days after close of hearing, or where the case proceeds on documents and evidentiary material only, from the date when all documents and evidentiary material are submitted to the Tribunal.
19.2 The Registrar may extend the time for the making of the award by the Tribunal.
19.3 The Tribunal need not state the reasons for the award.
19.4 The Tribunal may award simple or compound interest on any sum awarded at such rate or rates and in respect of such period or periods ending not later than the date of the award as the Tribunal considers just.
19.5 All awards must be issued through the Registrar.
19.6 The Tribunal must deliver to the Registrar a number of original copies of the award sufficient for the parties, the Clearing House and for filing with the Registrar.
19.7 The Registrar shall release the award to the parties and the Clearing House upon the full settlement of fees and expenses.
19.8 The award shall be final, binding and enforceable according to its terms and the parties undertake to carry out the award without delay.
20.1 Within 7 days of receiving an award, unless another period of time has been agreed upon by the parties, a party may by notice to the Registrar request the Tribunal to correct in the award, any errors in computation, any clerical or typographical errors or any errors of similar nature.
20.2 If the Tribunal considers the request to be justified, it shall make the correction (s) within 7 days of receiving the request. Any correction shall be notified in writing to the parties and shall become part of the award.
20.3 The Tribunal may correct any error of the type referred to in Rule 20.1 on its own initiative within 7 days of the date of the award.
21.1 If, before the award is made, the parties agree on a settlement of the dispute, the Tribunal shall either issue an order for the termination of the arbitral proceedings or, if requested by both parties and accepted by the Tribunal, record the settlement in the form of an arbitral award on agreed terms.
21.2 The parties shall:
a. notify the Tribunal and the Registrar immediately if the arbitration is settled or otherwise terminated;
b. make provision in any settlement for payment of all the costs of the arbitration and fees due to the Centre and any expenses of the Tribunal.
21.3 Copies of the order for termination of the arbitral proceedings or of the arbitral award on agreed terms, signed by the Tribunal, shall be communicated by the Tribunal to the Registrar and the Clearing House.
22.1 The Tribunal shall specify in the final award, the costs of the arbitration and decide which party shall bear them and in what proportion they shall be borne.
22.2 In this Rule, "costs of the arbitration" shall include:
a. The fees of the Tribunal and the Centre as determined by the Registrar in accordance with the Schedule of Fees;
b. The costs of expert advice or of other assistance rendered; and
c. All expenses which are reasonably incurred by the Centre in connection with the arbitration.
22.3 The Tribunal has power to order in its award, that all or part of the legal or other costs of one party shall be paid by the other party. Such costs shall, unless the award otherwise fixes or directs, be taxable by the Registrar.
23.1 A party which is aware of non-compliance with these Rules and yet proceeds with the arbitration without promptly stating its objection to such non-compliance, shall be deemed to have waived its right to object.
24.1 The parties and the Tribunal must at all times treat all matters relating to the arbitration (including the existence of the arbitration) and the award as confidential. A party or any arbitrator must not, without the prior written consent of the other party or the parties, as the case may be, disclose to a third party any such matter except:
a. for the purpose of making an application to any competent court;
b. for the purpose of making an application to the courts of any State to enforce the award;
c. pursuant to the order of a court of competent jurisdiction;
d. in compliance with the provisions of the laws of any State which is binding on the party making the disclosure; or
e. in compliance with the request or requirement of any regulatory body or other authority which, if not binding nonetheless would be observed customarily by the party making the disclosure.
24.2 The Centre and the Clearing House may however publish any award made under these Rules in any form provided that the names or identities of the parties shall not be disclosed without the consent of all the parties.
25.1 The Tribunal, the Chairman, the Centre, the Clearing House and any of its officers, employees or agents shall not be liable to any party for any act or omission in connection with any arbitration conducted under these Rules, unless the act or omission is shown to have been in bad faith.
25.2 After the award has been made and the possibilities of correction and additional awards referred to in Rule 20 have lapsed or been exhausted, neither the Tribunal nor the Chairman shall be under any obligation to make any statement to any person about any matter concerning the arbitration, and no party shall seek to make any arbitrator or the Chairman or the Centre a witness in any legal proceedings arising out of the arbitration.
26.1 In all matters not expressly provided for in these Rules, the Tribunal and the Registrar shall act in the spirit of these Rules and shall make every reasonable effort to ensure that the disputes are resolved expeditiously and fairly and the awards are legally enforceable.
27.1 These Rules may from time to time be amended by the Centre in consultation with the Clearing House whenever necessary.

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Andres Larrea Savinovich


Andres is an Ecuadorian-qualified lawyer. Prior to joining SIAC, Andres worked as a Senior Associate at an Ecuadorian law firm for twelve years where he represented parties in commercial and investment arbitrations across a range of sectors, including natural resources, mining, insurance, telecommunications and construction. Andres has been appointed as an arbitral secretary in over 60 arbitration cases administered by the most important arbitration centres in Ecuador.

Andres holds an LL.M. from McGill University. While he was at McGill he served as an associate editor for the McGill Journal of Dispute Resolution. He is a member of the LATAM Subcommittee of the Campaign for Greener Arbitrations, CyberArb, Rising Arbitrators Initiative and the Club of Arbitration of Spain.

Andres is fluent in English and Spanish.

Email: [email protected]


Shi Jean graduated with an LL.B. (Hons) from the Singapore Management University School of Law. She is admitted to practice as an Advocate & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Singapore. Prior to joining SIAC, she practiced shipping and commercial litigation at a law firm in Singapore.

Email: [email protected]



Ms Yas Banifatemi is a founding partner of Gaillard Banifatemi Shelbaya Disputes. Prior to founding Gaillard Banifatemi Shelbaya Disputes, she served as Shearman & Sterling’s Global International Arbitration Practice Group Leader, Public International Law Team Leader and Lead Industry Coordinator for Energy. She is a former Vice-President of the ICC International Court of Arbitration, a former member of the LCIA Court and a member of the ICSID panel of arbitrators.

She represents States, State entities and companies in international arbitration cases under the ICSID, UNCITRAL, ICC, LCIA, SCC, CRCICA, HKIAC, DIS and Swiss Arbitration Rules, with particular focus on international investment and energy disputes. She also advises States, State entities and corporations on a variety of public international law issues, such as the law of treaties, State responsibility, State contracts, immunity of States and other.

Yas Banifatemi has served as Chair and arbitrator in numerous commercial and investor-State arbitrations, including international arbitration proceedings under the Rules of the ICC, ICSID, SCC, LCIA, CRCICA, SIAC, HKIAC and the Swiss Rules of International Arbitration, as well as in ad hoc proceedings.

A Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale and Harvard Law Schools, Yas Banifatemi also teaches International Investment Law at Panthéon-Sorbonne University. She has written extensively on international arbitration and public international law issues.



Mr John P Bang is a senior partner (foreign attorney) at Peter & Kim, a specialized law firm in international arbitration. He was previously the head and co-founder of the International Arbitration and Cross-Border Litigation Practice at Bae, Kim & Lee LLC.

Over the past 20 years, he has represented parties in over 250 domestic and international arbitral proceedings seated in Asia, Europe and North America, ranging from multi-million to multi-billion dollar disputes. He has also served as sole arbitrator, co-arbitrator and chair in arbitral disputes under various arbitral institutions.

John is recognised as a leading arbitration practitioner in industry rankings such as Who’s Who Legal, Chambers Asia and Asialaw Leading Lawyers. In 2016, he was Asialaw’s “Disputes Star of the Year” for South Korea, and in 2018, Who’s Who Legal listed him as a Thought Leader in international arbitration. In April 2018, he received a Special Commendation from the Minister of Justice of Korea for his contribution to the development of arbitration in Korea. Chambers & Partners quotes a client as praising him for his “most-effective advocacy, comprehensive understanding of Korean disputes and dedication to detail”.

John is presently a member of the Executive Committee of the Korea Council for International Arbitration and a senior officer in the IBA Litigation Committee. Previously, he was a member of the drafting committee for the ICCA Sourcebook for Logistical Matters in Procedural Orders. He also served as Federal Law Clerk to the Honorable Kathryn C. Ferguson, USBJ, New Jersey.


Dr. Claudia Annacker is a Partner in the Paris office of Dechert LLP. She focuses her practice on international arbitration and litigation and public international law matters, in particular investor-State disputes, inter-State disputes, disputes involving international organizations and human rights cases. She has represented states and investors in more than 30 investment treaty arbitrations and regularly advises investors on structuring their investments to benefit from, or improve, investment treaty protections.

Dr. Annacker also acts as arbitrator.  She has been appointed to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators in 2020.

Dr. Annacker received a Ph.D. with high honors (1992) and a venia legendi et docendi (habilitation) for public international law (1997) from the University of Vienna. Dr. Annacker is an adjunct professor at the University of Vienna, where she teaches advanced research seminars in international responsibility and international dispute settlement and has been a visiting professor at the Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense University. She has published widely in the fields of international arbitration and public international law.



Catherine Amirfar is a litigation partner at Debevoise & Plimpton LLP. She co-chairs the firm’s International Dispute Resolution Group and Public International Law Group.

Her practice focuses on public international law, international commercial and treaty arbitration, and international and complex commercial litigation. She is also a member of the firm’s Management Committee.

Ms Amirfar has been ranked among the leading international arbitration practitioners by Chambers Global, which has described her as “very composed, intelligent and a master of investment arbitration.”

Prior to rejoining Debevoise in 2016, Ms Amirfar spent two years as the Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State. During her tenure as Counselor, Ms. Amirfar advised the State Department on its most significant litigation matters involving international law and foreign relations. She received the Superior Honor Award for her service to the Department.

Ms Amirfar serves as the President of the American Society of International Law and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Law Institute, and the Advisory Committee on International Law for the U.S. Department of State. She has written extensively on international arbitration, the relationship between international law and U.S. domestic law, international human rights and humanitarian law, investor-state disputes, and the law of consular and diplomatic immunities.



Mr. Jose Daniel Amado is a founding partner of Miranda & Amado in Lima and teaches international arbitration law at the Catholic University of Peru. His professional practice focuses on Corporate Law, Infrastructure Projects and International Arbitration. He has acted in some of the most important cross-border transactions and international disputes that have taken place in Peru in the last two decades.

Mr. Amado is regularly ranked as an international arbitration and corporate law expert by publications such as Who’sWhoLegal, GAR100, Chambers, Legal500, Best Lawyers and IFLR1000 and, in 2009, was named “Latin American Law Firm Leader of the Year” by LatinLawyer magazine. Mr. Amado regularly acts as party counsel, arbitrator and expert witness in domestic and international arbitrations.

From 2001 to 2002, Mr. Amado was Deputy to the Prime Minister of Peru and Chief of Advisors to the Council of Ministers. From 2013 to 2014, Mr. Amado was a Visiting Fellow at the University of Cambridge’s Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, as well as Scholar-in-Residence at Wilmer Hale’s international arbitration group. From 2014 to 2016, Mr. Amado was a Member of the Arbitration Court of the Lima Chamber of Commerce.

Mr. Amado is the Chair of the Court of Arbitration of AmCham Peru´s International Arbitration Centre. He is also a Member of the ICC Arbitration Commission, of SIAC´s Users Council and of the Award Scrutiny Commission of CIAM (Madrid). Mr. Amado is further the Website Officer of the IBA Arbitration Committee and a Member of the Board of Advisors of Delos Dispute Resolution.

Mr. Amado received his LL.B. degree summa cum laude from the Catholic University of Peru and he holds an LL.M. from Harvard University, where he was awarded the Laylin Prize of Public International Law.

Mr. Amado is the author or co-author of several articles, essays and publications including a book titled “Arbitrating the Conduct of International Investors” (Cambridge University Press, 2018).



Funke Adekoya is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria and partner and head of the arbitration practice at ǼLEX, a Lagos Nigeria based law firm with offices in Accra, Ghana. She has dual nationality (Nigerian/British) and is dual qualified; in addition to having qualified as a legal practitioner in Nigeria in 1975, she was admitted as a solicitor in England and Wales in 2004 where she maintains a current practicing licence. She is a Chartered Arbitrator of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a Governing Board Member of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration.

In addition to being appointed as counsel in arbitration related litigation, she also represents parties as counsel or arbitrator in commercial arbitrations. Her appointments have been both ad-hoc and institutional under the LCIA, ICC and ICSID Rules, where she has acted as either sole or party-appointed arbitrator or chaired arbitral panels in disputes in the commercial, energy and natural resources, construction and infrastructure sectors.

She is ranked in Chambers Global and in Who’s Who Legal Arbitration, is listed on the Chairman’s Panel of Arbitrators at ICSID as well as the panels of many other international arbitration institutions, and is currently a member of the ICC Africa Commission.


Toby Landau KC is a barrister and arbitrator, and a member of the Bars of England & Wales, Singapore, New York, BVI and Northern Ireland (and the DIFC). He practices from Duxton Hill Chambers in Singapore, and as a Sole Practitioner in London.

As Arbitrator, he has sat as President and Co-Arbitrator in numerous Investor-State and commercial disputes worldwide, under most of the leading institutional and ad hoc rules. As Counsel, he has argued hundreds of major international investor-State and commercial arbitrations, as well as many ground-breaking arbitration cases in Court (including Halliburton v Chubb; Enka v Chubb; Dallah v Pakistan; Jivraj v Hashwani; Ust-Kamenogorsk v AES; IPCO v NNPC in the UK Supreme Court, and First Media v Astro in the Courts of Singapore and Hong Kong).

He is Visiting Professor at Kings College London; a Court Member of SIAC; previously LCIA Court Member and SCC Board Member; UK delegate to the UNCITRAL Working Group on Arbitration (1994-2013); and a draftsman of the English Arbitration Act 1996 as well as many other laws and arbitration rules in several countries. Since April 2012, he has been a member of the Panel of Advisors of the Attorney-General of Singapore.



Mr Cavinder Bull, SC is a Vice-President of the Court of Arbitration and the Chief Executive Officer of Drew & Napier LLC. He is also a member of the Governing Board of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA) and Vice-President of the Asia Pacific Regional Arbitration Group. He was Deputy Chairman of the SIAC from October 2010 to April 2017.

Mr Bull has an active practice in complex litigation and international arbitration. He has acted as counsel in numerous international arbitrations and has represented governments, financial institutions and corporations from various parts of the world. He is also experienced in investor-state disputes, where he has acted as both counsel and arbitrator. Legal 500 praised him as a “very astute lawyer on strategy and law” while Chambers & Partners describes him as a “consummate advocate”; a “very rare talent in disputes”; and says that “complex arbitrations are his specialisation”.

Mr Bull is on the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators and has been appointed as an arbitrator in ICSID, PCA, NAFTA, ICC, SIAC, LCIA, UNCITRAL and ad hoc arbitrations.

Mr Bull graduated with First Class Honours in law from Oxford University and has a Masters in law from Harvard Law School. He has been called to the Bar in Singapore, New York and England & Wales. He was appointed Senior Counsel in 2008.


Duong is qualified to practice law in Vietnam.

Prior to joining SIAC, Duong worked as a counsel at a leading international arbitration centre in Vietnam where she administered domestic and international arbitration matters conducted under the auspice of the arbitration law of Vietnam and UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules. She thereafter practiced international arbitration with the Singapore office of a leading Vietnam-based law firm where she focused on Vietnam-related matters in construction and petroleum sectors. 

Duong speaks Vietnamese and English.

Email: [email protected]



Chen graduated from Fudan University (Bachelor’s degree in law), Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (LL.M. in International Trade Law) and Georgetown University (LL.M. in International Business and Economic Law).

Prior to joining SIAC, Chen worked as legal officer at the Court of Justice of the European Union, and practiced WTO dispute settlement and trade remedy investigation at law firms in Brussels and Beijing.

Chen is qualified to practice law in China and New York State. She speaks Chinese (Mandarin and Shanghainese), English and French.

Email: [email protected]



Jayden graduated with an LL.B. (Hons) from the Singapore Management University School of Law. He is admitted to practice as an Advocate & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Singapore. Prior to joining SIAC, he practiced arbitration and litigation at a law firm in Singapore.

Jayden is fluent in English and Mandarin.

Email: [email protected]


Lynnette graduated with an LL.B. (Hons) from Monash Law School, Melbourne, Australia and holds a Bachelor of Communication Studies (Hons) from the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. She is admitted to practice as an Advocate & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Singapore. During law school, Lynnette participated in moot court competitions, which included representing Monash at the FDI Moot.

Prior to joining SIAC, Lynnette practiced with Singapore law firms and worked at the chambers of a leading international arbitrator. She also worked with the Legal Aid Bureau in Singapore as a legal executive.

Email: [email protected]


Prior to joining the SIAC, Thea was an Associate Solicitor at the Office of the Solicitor General in the Philippines where she handled criminal, civil, international commercial, and investor-state arbitration cases. She has also handled cases across various sectors such as public-private partnerships, gaming, and competition law, among others. She was also part of the Philippine delegation in the UNCITRAL Working Group III on Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reform.  She also worked as legal intern at the Philippine Supreme Court. 

Thea earned her Juris Doctor Degree (J.D.) from the Ateneo de Manila University School of Law in the Philippines in 2016 and was admitted to the Philippine Bar in 2017.

Thea speaks Filipino (Cebuano and Tagalog) and English.

Email: [email protected]


Dexter graduated with a LL.B. (Hons) from the National University of Singapore. He is admitted to practice as an Advocate & Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Singapore. Prior to joining SIAC, Dexter trained with a boutique law firm in Singapore which specialises in corporate and commercial law.

Dexter is fluent in English and Madarin.

Email: [email protected]


Pauline is a Malaysian-qualified lawyer with a background in litigation and arbitration. Prior to joining SIAC, Pauline practiced at a top-tier law firm in Malaysia. She read law at the University of Malaya under a full scholarship from an international oil & gas company and was placed on the Dean’s List. During her time in law school, Pauline was active in moot court competitions and represented Malaysia in international competitions.

Pauline is fluent in English and Bahasa Malaysia and a competent speaker of Cantonese and Mandarin. She also has a good understanding of Bahasa Indonesia.

Email: [email protected]



Nigel Blackaby QC is a partner of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in Washington DC and global head of the firm’s international arbitration group. He has acted as counsel and arbitrator in over 100 ad hoc and institutional arbitrations (including over 40 investment arbitrations for investors and states). He has particular expertise in Latin America and energy and mining disputes. Recent cases include:

• Burlington Resources, Inc. v Ecuador (ICSID);
• Repsol v Argentina (ICSID);
• Pan American Energy v Bolivia (ICSID);
• Total, CMS, Suez, BG Group, Aguas de Barcelona and National Grid (among others) v Argentina;
• Crystallex International Corporation v Venezuela (ICSID Additional Facility)
• Tenaris and Talta v Venezuela

Nigel is a former president of the IBA Subcommittee on Investment Arbitration, an editor since 1995 of Arbitration International, co-author of Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration (6th edition, Oxford, 2015), Guide to ICSID Arbitration (2nd edition, Kluwer, 2010) and International Arbitration in Latin America (Kluwer, 2003). He is an adjunct professor of international arbitration at American University Washington College of Law.

He is a graduate of the University of Exeter (UK) and the Université d’Aix-Marseille III (France) and has conducted arbitrations in English, Spanish, Portuguese and French.



Kendista graduated from Universitas Katolik Parahyangan where he actively participated and performed with distinction in international moot court competitions. Kendista thereafter practiced commercial litigation and arbitration – both national and international – with leading dispute resolution firms in Indonesia. He also clerked for one of the foremost Indonesian arbitrators prior to joining SIAC.

Kendista is admitted to the Indonesian Bar. He is fluent in English and Bahasa Indonesia.

Email: [email protected]


Qian is a graduate of Sichuan University (Bachelor’s degree in law), Xiamen University (Master’s degree in law) and the Geneva LL.M. in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS). Qian is also the Assistant Editor of Asian International Arbitration Journal.

Qualified in China, Qian practiced litigation and arbitration in Beijing with a Chinese law firm prior to joining SIAC.

Qian is fluent in Mandarin and English.

Email: [email protected]



Aliona graduated with an LL.M. in International Business Law from the National University of Singapore, specializing in International Arbitration, International Investment Law and Comparative Oil and Gas Law. She also holds a B.A. degree in Anthropology and Law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Prior to joining SIAC, Aliona worked at a global financial services provider and completed internships at international law firms in Europe and Asia.

Aliona is a New York-qualified lawyer. She is fluent in English, Russian and Lithuanian.

Email: [email protected]


As Registrar of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre, Kevin leads the SIAC Secretariat in the provision of case management services. Over the course of the past decade, Kevin has overseen the administration of thousands of international cases under all versions of the SIAC Rules and the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules. Under the Singapore International Arbitration Act 1994, Kevin is the statutory taxation authority and he is empowered to authenticate and certify awards and arbitration agreements. 

Kevin worked closely on the revisions to the SIAC Rules 2013, SIAC Rules 2016, SIAC Investment Arbitration Rules 2017, and leads the SIAC Secretariat on the drafting of the seventh edition of the SIAC Rules. He is an active participant at UNCITRAL Working Group II (Dispute Settlement) and UNCITRAL Working Group III (ISDS) and frequently speaks, lectures and conducts training on contemporary issues in arbitration. 

Recognised for being ‘truly exceptional in his passion for, and knowledge of, international arbitration’, Kevin is listed by Who’s Who Legal as a Global Leader and National Leader for Southeast Asia in international arbitration. Described as a ‘rock star of arbitration’ and ‘a calm presence and a safe pair of hands for the most complex matters’, peers and clients say that he is ‘without equal in the region, in terms of institutional knowledge and expertise in international arbitration’ and that ‘no one knows more about arbitration in Singapore’. 

Kevin is qualified as a Barrister and Solicitor with the Law Society of Upper Canada. He speaks English and French. 

Email: [email protected]


As the Chief Executive Officer of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), Gloria works closely with the Chairman and the Board in formulating and fulfilling the vision and strategies for SIAC, and is responsible for the institution’s overall management and operations.

Gloria was previously the Director of the Legal Industry Division in Singapore’s Ministry of Law (MinLaw) and concurrently held the statutory appointment of Director of Legal Services, heading its Legal Services Regulatory Authority. As Director of the Legal Industry Division, she oversaw the development of Singapore’s legal sector, including the development and promotion of Singapore’s international dispute resolution regime.

Gloria headed the Singapore delegation involved in UNCITRAL Working Group II (Dispute Settlement) discussions from 2019-2021 and continues to participate as a member of the delegation.

Gloria is called to the Singapore Bar. She also holds a Graduate Certificate in International Arbitration from NUS and an LL.M from Harvard University.



Ms Ye is the senior partner of King & Wood Mallesons PRC’s cross-border dispute resolution practice and a recognised expert on PRC-related dispute resolution in the Asia Pacific region.

Ms Ye is a former member of the board of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA) and a member of the advisory board of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA), a former court member of Singapore International Arbitration Center (SIAC) and a member of the SIAC Board of Directors. Ms. Ye is also a former court member of London Court of International Arbitration. She has been frequently invited to speak at international and regional professional conferences as an international arbitration expert as she is recognized as a leading counsel and arbitrator for international arbitration cases.

Ms Ye received her LL.B. from Peking University Law School, and holds LL.Ms from the Law School of China Academy of Social Sciences and Harvard Law School. She was admitted to practice in PRC and New York State in 1988 and 1999, respectively.



Mr Tham Sai Choy is a chartered accountant. He was the managing partner of KPMG Singapore and then chairman of its KPMG Asia Pacific operations when he retired. As an accountant in practice, he led audits, investigations and consultancy work at a wide range of Singapore companies.

He serves on the boards of the Nanyang Polytechnic and Mount Alvernia Hospital, chairing their audit committees, and on the boards of Keppel Corporation Limited, and DBS Group Holdings Limited. He is also the Chairman of EM Services Private Limited.

Mr Tham trained and qualified as a Chartered Accountant in the UK. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants, the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, and the Singapore Institute of Directors.



Luke Sobota is a founding and managing partner of Three Crowns, resident in the Washington DC office. His practice is dedicated to commercial, investor-state, and inter-state arbitration, and he has extensive experience in the technology, energy, and financial sectors. He is recognized in leading directories and rankings, such as Chambers & Partners, Legal 500, and Who’s Who Legal.

Luke is a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Miami Law School. Among other publications, he is co-author of General Principles of Law and International Due Process (Oxford University Press, 2017) and the second edition of Judge Stephen Schwebel’s International Arbitration: Three Salient Principles (Cambridge University Press, anticipated 2020).



Lucy Reed, the former Director of the Centre for International Law and Professor of Practice on the Law Faculty of the National University of Singapore, is the President of the SIAC Court of Arbitration, a member of the SIAC Board of Directors, and co-author of A Guide to the SIAC Arbitration Rules (OUP 2014). Lucy retired in 2016 from the international law firm Freshfields, where she led the global international arbitration group from New York, Hong Kong and Singapore. She now is a full-time independent arbitrator with Arbitration Chambers (New York) and President of ICCA.

Before joining Freshfields in 1998, Lucy was general counsel of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, in which role she led negotiations with North Korea and, while with the Legal Adviser’s Office of the US State Department, the US Agent to the Iran-US Claims Tribunal. Among other positions, Lucy has served as President of the American Society of International Law, Chair of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration, an arbitrator on the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, and co-director of the Claims Resolution Tribunal for Dormant Accounts in Switzerland. She is currently a member of the US Council on Foreign Relations.

A New York qualified lawyer, Lucy was educated at the University of Chicago Law School and Brown University.



Michael Moser is an international arbitrator with Twenty Essex Chambers. He is a Chartered Arbitrator, a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a Fellow of the Singapore Institute of Arbitrators. He received his law degree from the Harvard Law School and holds a PhD (With Distinction) from Columbia University.

Mr Moser has served as Chairman of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC), Board Member of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC) and Court Member of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA). He currently sits as a member of the Board of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), the Vienna International Arbitration Centre (VIAC) and the Governing Board of the International Council on Commercial Arbitration (ICCA).

Mr Moser is the author or editor of many books and articles, including Manging “Belt and Road” Business Disputes: A Case Study of Legal Problems and Solutions (Kluwer, 2021), A Guide to the HKIAC Arbitration Rules (OUP, 2021 and 2017), The Asia Arbitration Handbook (OUP, 2011) and former General Editor of The Journal of International Arbitration.

Resident in Asia for more than 40 years, Mr Moser works principally from offices in Hong Kong and Singapore. He has acted as arbitrator in more than 300 cases under the UNCITRAL Rules and the institutional rules of the SIAC, the ICC, ICSID, HKIAC, JCAA, LCIA, ICDR and others. Fluent in Chinese (Putonghua), he was the first foreigner to be appointed an arbitrator in China in the 1980’s. In recognition of his contributions to arbitration in Asia, Mr Moser was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award by Chambers. He is consistently rated as being one of the “very best” and “most in demand” arbitrators globally.



Mr Rajiv K Luthra is the Founder and Managing Partner of L&L Partners (formerly Luthra & Luthra Law Offices), a full- service top-tier Indian law firm.

Mr Luthra has been closely involved with the development of Project Finance and Public-Private-Partnership models in India and has advised on Infrastructure Projects worth over US$ 100 billion and recently he has been recognised as ‘Leader’ for Project Finance practice by Who’s Who Legal, 2021.

He has also been inducted in ‘Hall of Fame’ for Corporate and M&A, India by Legal 500, 2021. And has been featured in ‘Top 50 Legal Icons, India’ by India Business Law Journal. He is also a recipient of the ‘National Law Day Award’ bestowed upon him by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India and the Chief justice of India the ‘Managing Partner of the Year 2020’ Award by ALB India, Inducted in the ‘M&A Hall of Fame, New York’ and the ‘International Jurists Award’’ by the Attorney-General and Chief Justice of the United Kingdom among several others.

He has been conferred with Alumni of Harvard Law School and a Fellow of the British Commerce Society and the Royal Geographical Society and has served on a number of high-level committees, including the High Level Advisory Group, appointed by Commerce Ministry to formulate India’s trade policies; High Level Committee on Corporate Social Responsibility; Securities Exchange Board of India high level committees for (i) Reviewing Insider Trading Regulations and (iii) Rationalization of Investment Routes and Monitoring of Foreign Portfolio Investments; Advisory Board of the Competition Commission of India amongst others. He is also the Convener of the Joint Economic & Trade Committee, formed to advise the Government of India on the liberalisation of legal services between India and the UK.

He also serves on the Board of the Symphony International Holdings Limited (a London Stock Exchange listed company) and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as an Independent Director. He is also a former member of the Corporate Governance & Audit Committee of the Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation (India) [HSBC].



Gerald Singham is the Global Vice-Chair & ASEAN CEO at Dentons Rodyk & Davidson LLP. He is also a Senior Partner of Dentons Rodyk’s Corporate Practice Department and Co-Head of the Competition and Antitrust Practice. Gerald has extensive experience advising domestic and multinational clients from a broad range of industries on competition law matters and deals with all aspects of competition law, including merger clearance/notifications, cartel investigations, and advising on competition restrictive practices and sectoral competition laws. Apart from the competition area, he has experience in other aspects of corporate transactions like mergers and acquisitions, private equity and foreign direct investments.

Gerald is named in numerous legal guides and directories including the Chambers Asia Pacific, The Legal 500 Asia Pacific, Global Competition Review, Who’s Who Legal, IFLR1000, Asialaw Leading Lawyers and Best Lawyers.

Gerald is also appointed on the boards of several public agencies including as Chairman of National Crime Prevention Council, National Heritage Board and Republic Polytechnic. He is also appointed as a member of the Military Court of Appeal.



Mr Siraj Omar, S.C. is a Director in the Dispute Resolution department at Drew & Napier LLC. He specializes in complex, high-value commercial disputes and has more than two decades of active trial and appellate practice in the Singapore Courts and in international arbitrations.

He is a civilian panel member on the Military Court of Appeal, Deputy Commissioner of the Government Procurement Adjudication Tribunal and a member of the Specialist Mediator Panel (Singapore) of the Singapore International Mediation Centre (SIMC).

Siraj holds Fellowships at the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb), the Singapore Institute of Arbitrators (SIArb) and the Singapore Academy of Law. He is also a member of the International Association of Defence Counsel.

He sits on the Working Group of the Professional Conduct Council chaired by the Chief Justice of Singapore and the Accreditation Committee of the Singapore Institute of Legal Education (SILE) and was a member of the Singapore International Commercial Court Rules Sub-Committee. He is a past member of the Council of The Law Society of Singapore and has been a member of its Inquiry Panel since 2009.
Siraj is recognized in all the leading legal directories and has been described as “a star” and “a formidable litigator”.

He was appointed Senior Counsel in 2019.



Yee Leong is the Co-Head of the Firm’s International Arbitration practice. His primary area of practice is in international arbitration focusing on the areas of energy, oil and gas, power and infrastructure projects in Singapore, Malaysia and the region. In practice for more than 29 years, Yee Leong is recognised as a leading international dispute resolution practitioner in the Asia-Pacific region.

Yee Leong is a Chartered Arbitrator and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb) and the Singapore Institute of Arbitrators. He is a Director of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC) and also on the panel of arbitrators for SIAC, Asian International Arbitration Centre and CIArb Presidential Panel of Arbitrators. He is also a Jurisdictional Council Member for Singapore for Inter-Pacific Bar Association and Chairman for Alternative Dispute Resolution Committee for the Law Society of Singapore.

Yee Leong also served as a director of Singapore LNG Pte Ltd from 2011 to 2015. In 2018, he was among the inaugural batch of select practitioners to be recognised as a Senior Accredited Specialist in Building and Construction Law by the Singapore Academy of Law.



Pierre Bienvenu, Ad. E. is a disputes lawyer with more than 35 years’ experience practising in international commercial arbitration, commercial litigation, and constitutional law. He has acted as counsel or served as arbitrator in international arbitrations involving disputes in telecommunications, transportation, energy, international distribution and joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions, construction, pharmaceuticals, and foreign investment.

A former co-chair of the IBA’s Arbitration Committee (2008-2009), he has served on the LCIA Court (2010-2015), of which he was a vice-president (2011-2015), and the ICC International Court of Arbitration (2015-2021). He was appointed by the Government of Canada to ICSID’s Panel of Arbitrators in 2021 for a six-year term. Mr Bienvenu has pleaded before the courts of Quebec, the Federal Court of Canada, and the Supreme Court of Canada. He was involved in numerous challenges to the constitutional validity of provincial and federal legislation and has extensive experience in public law litigation. He has participated in more than 15 appeals before the Supreme Court of Canada, representing government bodies, institutions, corporations, and individuals in a range of international, constitutional, and commercial law disputes, including representing the Attorney General of Canada in the landmark Reference re Secession of Quebec.

Mr. Bienvenu practiced for more than 35 years at Norton Rose Fulbright Canada (previously Ogilvy Renault LLP) and served as global co-head of Norton Rose Fulbright’s international arbitration practice from 2011 to 2022. He withdrew from the partnership of Norton Rose Fulbright in June 2022 to focus on his practice as an international arbitrator and joined IMK LLP, a Montreal-based disputes firm, in July 2022. He is also a member of the roster of arbitrators of Arbitration Place, in Toronto. Mr Bienvenu is a Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers and the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

He was awarded the distinction Advocatus Emeritus by the Quebec Bar in 2008, and the Paul-André Crépeau Medal by the Canadian Bar Association in 2013 for his contribution to the advancement of the international dimension of private law and commercial law in Canada.


Lawrence Boo is a pioneer in the development of Singapore arbitration. He served as the first Chief Executive Officer and Registrar of SIAC (1991-1996) and was recalled to serve SIAC from 2004 to 2009 as the Deputy Chairman. Boo is one of Singapore’s leading international arbitrators, having sat as arbitrator in more than 300 cases and written numerous awards. His cases included those administered by the AAA, ICC, ICSID, CIETAC, SIAC, LCIA, KLRCA, BANI, HKIAC and ad hoc arbitrations. He is designated by Singapore to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators (Dec 2013-Dec 2019).

Boo leads the teaching of international commercial arbitration at the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore since 1994. He also teaches at Bond University, Australia. He is the author of “Halsbury’s Laws of Singapore Volume 1(2) – Arbitration” (Lexis-Nexis 1998, 2003 Re-issue, 2011 Re-issue, 2017 Re-issue) and one of the co-authors of UNCITRAL Digest on the Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (UN July 2012).

For his contribution to the development of international arbitration and mediation, Boo was conferred the honour of Bintang Bakti Masyarakat (BBM)(The Public Service Star) in August 2009 by the President of Singapore.


As the Chief Operating Officer, Yoke Peng works with the Board and the Senior Management team to create value for SIAC by transforming corporate and organisational processes and implementing productivity and technology initiatives.  She was previously the Registrar for Re-Align Framework Registry in Ministry of Law, where she set up and headed the Registry to help businesses to realign their contracts with the pandemic business conditions.  Yoke Peng had a myriad of experiences from both the private and public sectors, ranging from legal practice, to entrepreneurial set-ups, and government agencies.  In her stint in Public Service Division, she was in the PS21 office where she helped to develop and implement programmes that promoted increasing levels of innovation and positive change in public services, and enhanced their efficiency and responsiveness.  In Civil Service College, she headed up departments that were in-charge of corporate functions like human resource, training, talent retention and attraction, strategic planning, corporate communications, IT, corporate governance, administrative and infrastructure work, and board secretariat work.  Yoke Peng graduated from the National University of Singapore (NUS) and is called to the Singapore Bar.



Mr Harish Salve is a KC practicing in London and a tenant of Blackstone Chambers.

He is also a Senior Advocate practicing in the Supreme Court of India. Mr Salve is also a Registered Foreign Lawyer in the Singapore International Commercial Court.

He is a qualified Chartered Accountant who started work in taxation in 1978 and then shifted to law in 1980. He set up his independent chambers in 1986. He was designated a Senior Advocate in 1992. He held the office of the Solicitor General of India from 1999 until November 2001 being the youngest Solicitor General ever at the age of 42 years.

In 2013 he took tenancy in Blackstone Chambers after joining the UK Bar and becoming a member of the Grays Inn.

He has handled some of the most important cases decided by the Indian Supreme Court in the last two decades. Since 2013, he has been appearing in International Arbitrations, and in the Courts of England and Wales. He also has appeared in two cases in the International Court of Justice.

He has been active in the field of international arbitration both as counsel as well as an arbitrator. He has been appointed as an arbitrator in a number of arbitrations under the rules of the ICC, LCIA and the SIAC.


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Pranav graduated with an LL.M (International Arbitration and Dispute Resolution) from the National University of Singapore. He also holds a B.B.A.LL.B (Hons) degree from National Law University Odisha, India. During his time at NLUO, he represented the university in various moot court competitions, including the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, Vienna.

He is admitted as an Advocate with the Bar Council of India. Prior to joining SIAC, Pranav worked with a boutique dispute resolution firm in India where his practice focussed on commercial litigation and arbitrations across the construction, energy and trade sectors.

Pranav is fluent in English and can speak Hindi and Kannada. He also has a good understanding of Telugu.

Email: [email protected]

Mr Cunyuan Zhang, Director & Head, China / Chief Representative of Shanghai Representative Office

Mr Cunyuan Zhang is Director & Head, China, and Chief Representative of Shanghai Representative Office. Prior to joining SIAC, he worked in a leading law firm, and has represented clients in commercial arbitrations and related lawsuits.


ADRIANA USON, Director & Head, Americas

As Director & Head, Americas, at the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), Adriana oversees SIAC’s activities in North and South America. She has broad experience as an arbitration practitioner – having served as arbitrator, international arbitration lawyer, and Counsel in the SIAC Secretariat.

Adriana first joined SIAC as Counsel, during which time she administered over two hundred cases under the SIAC Rules and UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, with a particular focus on disputes involving States, State-controlled entities, and intergovernmental organisations. She was involved in the drafting of the SIAC Rules 2016, SIAC Investment Arbitration Rules 2017, and the SIAC Practice Notes on third party funding. She was also a key contributor in the Singapore Institute of Arbitrators (SIArb) working group that published the SIArb Guidelines on Party-Representative Ethics.

Prior to rejoining SIAC, Adriana was a disputes lawyer at a leading international law firm in Singapore, where she advised and represented clients in international commercial and ICSID arbitrations.

Adriana is an active member of the Young SIAC Committee (YSIAC) and the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (Singapore) Young Members Group.

Shwetha Bidhuri, Director & Head, South Asia

Shwetha joined SIAC in November 2018 and is based in the SIAC Mumbai Office.

Shwetha was enrolled as an Advocate in 2007 and holds a Master of Laws degree. Prior to joining SIAC, Shwetha worked in the dispute resolution practice of a leading law firm in New Delhi for nearly a decade on commercial litigation cases as well as investment treaty arbitrations involving foreign and Indian investors. Shwetha has worked on many leading cases which have contributed to the development of law affecting global companies.


Mr Alvin Yeo, Senior Counsel, is the Chairman and Senior Partner at WongPartnership LLP, Singapore. His main areas of practice are litigation and arbitration in banking, corporate/commercial and infrastructure disputes. Mr Yeo has extensive experience as counsel in arbitration proceedings both in Singapore and in the region, and also sits as an arbitrator. Mr Yeo graduated from King’s College, University of London, and is admitted to the English Bar (Gray’s Inn) and the Singapore Bar. In January 2000, Mr Yeo became the youngest lawyer to be appointed Senior Counsel.

Mr Yeo is a member of the Court of the SIAC, the ICC Commission and a fellow of the Asian Institute of Alternative Dispute Resolution, the Singapore Institute of Arbitrators and the Singapore Institute of Directors, and a former member of the LCIA Court and the IBA Arbitration Committee. He is also on the panel of arbitrators of the ICDR, HKIAC, KCAB, SCIA and the SIArb’s Panel for Sports in Singapore.

Mr Yeo is recognised as a leading litigation and arbitration counsel in international legal directories such as The Legal 500; IFLR1000; Chambers Global; Chambers Asia Pacific; PLC Which Lawyer; Best Lawyers; Expert Guides; and Who’s Who Legal.


Gaëtan is a founding partner of Three Crowns. He has served as advocate and as arbitrator in a large number of both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations.

Gaëtan is a past Senior Co-Chair of the Arbitration Committee of the International Bar Association and was appointed to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators by the Kingdom of Belgium. He teaches at King’s College School of Law in London. Before entering private practice, he served as a Legal Advisor at the World Trade Organization in Geneva, where he advised dispute settlement panels adjudicating disputes between sovereigns across a range of industry sectors.

Gaëtan is admitted to practice in England & Wales, where he was appointed Queen’s Counsel in December 2021, as well as France and Spain. He was educated at Columbia Law School, the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and the Catholic University of Leuven.


Since 1989, Mr Thambiayah has been appointed as chairman of arbitral tribunals, sole arbitrator or co-arbitrator in over 450 ad-hoc and institutional arbitrations of disputes arising from international investment contracts and joint ventures, infrastructure, building & civil engineering contracts, oil and gas operation, distribution and transport network contracts, and maritime and international trade contracts (including charterparties and export finance), in Bangkok, Colombo, Delhi, Hong Kong, Karachi, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, London, Mumbai, New York, Paris, Perth, Seoul, Sydney and Singapore, with the total value of claims in excess of US$8 billion.

These appointments include: as sole arbitrator by the High Court of Singapore, by the ICC, ICDR, HKIAC and SIAC, acting as the appointing authorities; as presiding arbitrator by party appointed arbitrators from Australia, Malaysia, Seoul, London, U.S.A., Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Vietnam and Singapore, and by the ICC and AIAC, acting as the appointing authorities; and as co-arbitrator by parties from various countries and by the ICC, ICDR and SIAC, acting as the appointing authorities.

Mr Thambiayah is a member of the SIAC Court of Arbitration, Vice-Chair of the Council of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, Chair of the Australasian Chapter of the ICC Institute, and is on the panel of arbitrators of ACICA, AIAC, AMTAC, APRAG, HKIAC, ICDR, MLAANZ, SIAC and SCMA.


Hiroyuki Tezuka is a partner at Nishimura & Asahi, and heads the firm’s international dispute resolution practice group. He specialises in international commercial litigation and arbitration. He has been involved in a number of international arbitrations as counsel, sole-arbitrator, co-arbitrator or chairman including before the ICC, JCAA, AAA-ICDR, VIAC, KCAB and SIAC.

Hiroyuki serves as an executive director of the Japan Association of Arbitrators, was a vice-chair of the Arbitration Committee of the IBA Legal Practice Division, and was a committee co-chair of the Dispute Resolution and Arbitration Committee at the IPBA. Since 2013, he has been a member of SIAC’s Court of Arbitration. From 2013 to 2016, he taught international arbitration at the University of Tokyo, School of Law as visiting professor. Since 2016, he has been a member of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, the ACICA council, the Seoul IDRC Advisory Board and a fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb). Since 2018 he has been a Council member of the ICC Institute of World Business Law.

Hiroyuki graduated from the University of Tokyo (LL.B., 1984) and Harvard Law School (LL.M., 1992). He is admitted as an attorney in Japan (1986) and in New York (1993).



Prof. Dr. Guido Santiago Tawil has been an independent arbitrator since 2018. He was formerly the Senior Partner and Head of the International Arbitration, Administrative Law and Regulatory practices at M. & M. Bomchil (1993-2018) in Buenos Aires, and previously a Commissioner of Argentina´s Securities & Exchange Commission (1991-1993).

He was a Chair Professor of Administrative Law at the University of Buenos Aires School of Law and member of its Ph.D. and Awards Committees (1984-2019), and was awarded the University of Buenos Aires School of Law Award (1991) for the best doctoral dissertation in all areas of law. He has also received the “Alejandro E. Shaw Award” from the Buenos Aires Bar and the “Konex Award (2016) for his legal contributions.

His other accolades include being a founding member and the first President of the Latin American Arbitration Association (ALArb) (2011-2014), a Co-Chair of the IBA´s Arbitration Committee (2009-2010) and its Latin American Forum (2008), a member of the IBA´s LPD Council (2011-2014), a Governing Council Member of ICCA (2011-2019) and Co-Chair of its Initiatives Committee. He currently serves as member of ICCA’s Advisory Board, Co-chair of ICCA´s Task Force on Standards of Practice and member of its Nominations Committee, a member of the Foundation for International Arbitration Advocacy’s (FIAA) Board of Trustees, a Chair of SIAC’s Latin America Regional Committee and member of its Users Council Executive Committee (2017-2021).

In addition, he is a former Court member of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) (2008-2013) and current member of the LCIA Company, a member of the ICC´s Latin American Arbitration Group; a member of ITA´s Academic Council (2004-2013), a member of the Administrative Law Institute of Argentina National Law Academy and of the Argentine Chamber of Commerce (CAC) Advisory Committee.

Prof. Tawil received his law degree in 1983, an LL. M. in Administrative Law and Public Administration in 1986, and a Ph. D. in 1991, with the highest academic qualifications, all of them issued by the University of Buenos Aires School of Law.


Thomas R. Snider is a Partner and the Head of Arbitration at Al Tamimi & Company in Dubai.  He has represented corporate entities and sovereign states in a wide range of matters involving international arbitration and other forms of cross-border dispute resolution, including state-to-state arbitration, international commercial arbitration, international investment disputes, and U.S. court litigation.

From 2001 to 2009, Mr. Snider was a member of the legal team representing the Government of Ethiopia before the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, an international arbitral tribunal that adjudicated claims for loss, damage, and injury arising during an international armed conflict.  In this context, he worked as a resident attorney in Addis Ababa for three years.

Mr. Snider frequently speaks and writes on topics involving international law and dispute resolution.  Before relocating to Dubai, he was a Professorial Lecturer in Law at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C.  He has been recognized multiple times in Who’s Who Legal’s Future Leaders – Arbitration.

Mr. Snider received his B.A. from the University of Notre Dame and his J.D. from Harvard Law School.



Abby Cohen Smutny is Global Head of White & Case’s international arbitration practice group. She is widely recognized as one of the world’s leading international arbitration practitioners and is an experienced arbitrator.

She has over 30 years’ experience representing both private as well as State parties in international commercial as well as treaty-based arbitrations relating to a wide range of industries including banking, financial services, oil & gas, mining, electric power, real estate development, water supply, retail, pharmaceuticals, construction, tobacco, railroads, telecommunications, and manufacturing. She has significant experience managing claims arising out of project financing, privatizations, natural resource concessions, contracts with States and State-entities, and political risk insurance.

Among other positions, she has served as Chair of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration (ITA), Vice-President of American Society of International Law, Vice-Chair of the Arbitration Committee of the IBA, Chair of the IBA’s Investment Treaty Sub-Committee, President of LCIA’s North American Users Council, Member of the Board of the American Arbitration Association, and Chair of the International Law Section of the Washington DC Bar.



Michael E. Schneider is a founding partner of LALIVE, an international and independent law firm based in Switzerland and London (http://www.lalive.law). He has practised in international arbitration for more than 40 years as counsel in disputes involving States and corporations in construction, industrial engineering and infrastructure projects, state responsibility foreign investment and natural resources (in particular oil and gas), organising and leading teams of specialists from different fields and different legal and cultural backgrounds. The cases were subject to various domestic laws or international law and applied various rules, including those of the UNCITRAL, ICC, ICSID, LCIA, Swiss Rules, Stockholm Institute, the Cairo Regional Centre (CRCICA), Dubai (DIAC), European Development Fund and before other international bodies, including the WTO Appellate Body and the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC). He has also acted as arbitrator (sole, presiding or co-arbitrator) under the rules of many institutions.

Honorary President of the Swiss Arbitration Association (ASA). Past chairman of the UNCITRAL Working Group II (Arbitration) at its Sessions in New York and Vienna (2006-2010) on the revision of the Arbitration Rules and on the revision of the Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings (2014-2015) and Vice-chair of the Commission (2015-2017). Past Vice chair of the ICC Commission on Arbitration until 2014, and member of several of its working groups (1998 and 2012 revisions of the ICC Rules, Construction, Pre-arbitral Referee). Immediate past president of the International Academy of Construction Lawyers (IACL). Member of the Board of Trustees of the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA).