FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Table of Contents
   
1 What is the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC)?
2 Can SIAC provide legal advice?
3 What are the benefits of arbitration?
4 What are the benefits of arbitration in Singapore?
5 What types of disputes does SIAC administer?
6 Does SIAC administer investment disputes?
7 How international is SIAC?
8 Is there a minimum or maximum claim amount for SIAC arbitrations?
9 Can SIAC administer arbitrations in languages other than English?
10 Can SIAC administer arbitrations where the governing law of the contract is not Singapore law?
11 Can SIAC administer arbitrations where the seat of arbitration is not Singapore?
12 Is there a default seat of arbitration under the SIAC Rules?
13 Do hearings in SIAC-administered arbitrations need to be held in Singapore?
14 Can international parties having no connection with Singapore refer a case to SIAC for administration?
15 How long do SIAC-administered arbitrations take?
16 What are SIAC’s operating hours?
17 Does SIAC have a model arbitration clause?
18 Can a party commence arbitration at SIAC without an arbitration clause?
19 Would an arbitration clause which provides for “arbitration in Singapore” be sufficient for SIAC to administer the arbitration under the SIAC Rules?
20 Does SIAC act as an appointing authority?
21 Does SIAC administer cases conducted under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules?
22 How is an arbitration at SIAC under the SIAC Rules commenced?
23 How much are the Case Filing Fees?
24 How is a Notice of Arbitration filed?
25 Can SIAC provide a sample Notice of Arbitration?
26 If there are claims arising out of more than one contract, and the preference is for the claims to be heard in one arbitration proceeding, how would the arbitration(s) be commenced?
27 Who decides an application for consolidation?
28 Upon receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, how does the Respondent file the Response to the Notice of Arbitration?
29 Is it possible to join a third party in an ongoing arbitration?
30 There is an ongoing arbitration between Party A and Party B. Can Party C apply to participate in the arbitration?
31 Does the Respondent have to pay a filing fee for a counterclaim?
32 What happens if the Claimant fails to pay the Case Filing Fee?
33 What happens if the Respondent fails to pay the Counterclaim Filing Fee?
34 How are filing fees paid?
35 What is included in “costs of the arbitration”?
36 How are the costs of the arbitration calculated?
37 If parties cannot quantify the value of their claims in the dispute, how would SIAC estimate the costs of the arbitration?
38 How much do SIAC arbitrations cost?
39 The amount requested by SIAC is different than the figures obtained using SIAC’s online Fee Calculator. Why do the figures differ?
40 Does SIAC maintain a panel of arbitrators?
41 Can a party nominate an arbitrator who is not on SIAC’s Panel of Arbitrators?
42 Must arbitrators be lawyers?
43 How does a candidate apply for SIAC’s Panel of Arbitrators?
44 Do parties need to be represented by lawyers in SIAC arbitrations?
45 Can a lawyer who is not qualified in Singapore represent a party in an SIAC arbitration?
46 What is the SIAC Expedited Procedure?
47 Who decides if a case should proceed under the Expedited Procedure?
48 What happens if the circumstances of the case change and it is no longer possible or practical to proceed under the Expedited Procedure?
49 What is the SIAC Emergency Arbitrator procedure?
50 How does a party apply for the appointment of an Emergency Arbitrator?
51 Is there a summary procedure?
52 Are awards rendered in SIAC arbitrations enforceable outside Singapore?
53 Does SIAC scrutinise the Tribunal’s award?
54 Can SIAC appoint arbitrators in ad hoc cases?
55 How much are SIAC’s appointment fees?
56 How are appointment fees paid?
57 Does SIAC offer authentication and certification services?
58 What is the difference between arbitration and mediation?
59 What is Arb-Med-Arb? What is the SIAC-SIMC Arb-Med-Arb Protocol?
60 How should parties provide for Arb-Med-Arb?


General
   
1 What is the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC)?
   
SIAC is an independent, neutral and not-for-profit global arbitration institution which provides case management services to the international business community. In terms of its international administered caseload, SIAC is amongst the Top 5 institutions in the world.1
   
2 Can SIAC provide legal advice?
   
No. In its position as an independent and neutral arbitration institution, SIAC does not act on behalf of any party in arbitration proceedings, nor does it provide any legal advice.
   
3 What are the benefits of arbitration?
   
Arbitration is a less formal process than court litigation, and it is conducted in private, away from the glare of the media and the public. Parties to the arbitration, as well as arbitrators, are generally obliged to maintain the confidentiality of all matters relating to the arbitration proceedings and the arbitration award.
Parties are free to appoint their own arbitrators, engage their preferred counsel and choose the procedures and rules for the conduct of an arbitration.
Parties are generally assured of finality once the arbitration award is issued as there are limited avenues for appeal against an arbitration award.
The arbitration process can be more cost-effective and efficient than court litigation.
   
4 What are the benefits of arbitration in Singapore?
   
Singapore has a reputation, not only as a hub for transnational trade and investment, but also as a key neutral venue for the resolution of cross-border disputes.

Singapore is also one of the most preferred seats of arbitration in the world.2 A number of factors have contributed to this popularity:
   
comprehensive legal infrastructure that is supportive of arbitration, including the adoption of the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985);
robust and efficient legal syst